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The role of African NGOs in prevention and relief of migration

erschienen in der Publikation "Friede im 21. Jahrhundert" (ISBN: 3-901328-64-5)

Vollständiger Beitrag als PDF:  PDF ansehen PDF downloaden  10 Seiten (179 KB)
Schlagworte zu diesem Beitrag:  Afrika, Politik, Bevölkerung, Bevölkerungsbewegung, Bevölkerungspolitik, Einwanderung, Auswanderung

Abstract:

Africa is overwhelmed with forced migration problems. Forced migration in Africa is due to many factors, most of which have been internal. Such migrations have had mostly negative consequences on the continent in general and on specific countries in particular.

Conflict

Africa has been a continent characterised by conflict for many centuries and these conflicts seem to be gaining momentum. The Great Lakes Region has been the centre of these conflicts lately - both intrastate and interstate conflicts. Sudan has been in a state of civil war since 1983. Uganda too is in a state of civil war. Ethnic conflicts and wars between the majority Hutus and the minority Tutsi are a permanent feature in Rwanda and Burundi. The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has of recent been the centre of conflict. The conflict has drawn the armies of most of its neighbours into war: Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi are fighting alongside Congo Rebels to oust the DRC President L. Desire Kabila; while Angola, Zimbabwe, and to some extent Namibia are fighting alongside Kabila government forces. The rest of African countries that have been characterised by conflict include Algeria, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Angola, Mozambique, Somalia, Ethiopia, and Eritrea to mention but a few. Some leaders in Africa prefer to resort to force and wars in solving conflicts. A lot of money which could have been used for developmental purposes and to provide social services is spent on acquisition or manufacture of arms and the promotion of war.

Conflicts are ultimately political; and they may be fuelled by economic and social considerations. Some leaders have a propensity to militarize all sub conflicts to the detriment of their people.

Eigentümer und Herausgeber: Bundesministerium für Landesverteidigung | Roßauer Lände 1, 1090 Wien
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