Bridging the Gap: Humanitarian Organizations and the Military in Peace Operations
erschienen in der Publikation "Jahrbuch für internationale Sicherheitspolitik 2000" (ISBN: 3-8132-0711-0) - Dezember 2000
Autor(en):Dr. Thomas R. Mockaitis
The Kosovo crisis revealed that (a) the need for military interventions will remain for the foreseeable future, and (b) military establishments and humanitarian organizations remain resistant to developing a coherent, coordinated approach to such interventions. Even when they recognize their need for protection, relief organizations have been reluctant to rely on military assistance. The ambivalence of humanitarian organizations towards the military is matched by a corresponding attitude of soldiers towards relief organizations. The attitudes of the military and aid organizations towards one another produce predicable results in the field. Interventions occur with little advanced planning, cooperation takes place on an ad hoc basis, etc. The United Nations, regional alliances, and individual nations should therefore develop a comprehensive approach to peace operations that integrate military and humanitarian efforts. An analysis of the interventions in Somalia and Bosnia reveals that the development of such an approach requires meeting challenges in three broad areas: unity of effort, coordination and control, and institutional culture; and that success in future intervention in complex emergencies will depend upon joint advanced planning and that such planning can only be accomplished with the creation of mechanisms for cooperation on a regular basis, joint training, and education of both humanitarian organizations and military personnel before a crisis occurs.